A noun is a word that refers to a thing, a person, a place, an animal, a quality, an idea, or an action. Nouns can be countable or uncountable.
Count nouns refer to things that we can count. Most English nouns are count nouns.
– Peter has a dog.
– Mary has four dogs.
– My mother has two dogs.
We can count a dollar, table, bottle, pencil, chair, book, car, truck, apple, tomato, banana, house, woman, sister, cat, lion, etc.
Count nouns have both singular and plural forms and can be used with both singular and plural verb forms.
Uncountable nouns cannot be counted.
Some examples are:
– Abstract ideas.
– Liquid & Gases.
– Made of Smaller Parts.
– Some Food (cut into small parts).
– Materials and Substances.
e.g.: money, wine, water, information, work, music, rice, milk, beer, news, peace, fun, love, etc.
There are some words to help quantify uncountable nouns.
– Joseph got four bottles of champagne.
With countable nouns, we use determiners as a few, many, and a lot of.
– He has a few books to sell.
– I bought a lot of bananas.
With uncountable nouns, we use determiners as much, little, and a lot of.
– He has a little information to decide.
– Max has a lot of experience in computers.
– How much money do you have?
We can use some and any with both plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns.
– I don´t have any ideas.
– I don´t have any money.
– Can you play some music?
– I´m going to buy some books at the bookstore.