Countable and Uncountable Nouns

A noun is a word that refers to a thing, a person, a place, an animal, a quality, an idea, or an action. Nouns can be countable or uncountable.

Countable nouns

Countable Nouns

Count nouns refer to things that we can count. Most English nouns are count nouns.

Peter has a dog.

Mary has four dogs.

My mother has two dogs.

We can count a dollar, table, bottle, pencil, chair, book, car, truck, apple, tomato, banana, house, woman, sister, cat, lion, etc.

Count nouns have both singular and plural forms and can be used with both singular and plural verb forms.

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable nouns cannot be counted.

Some examples are:

Abstract ideas.

Liquid & Gases.

Made of Smaller Parts.

Some Food (cut into small parts).

Materials and Substances.

e.g.: money, wine, water, information, work, music, rice, milk, beer, news, peace, fun, love, etc.

There are some words to help quantify uncountable nouns.

Joseph got four bottles of champagne.

With countable nouns, we use determiners as a few, many, and a lot of.

He has a few books to sell.

I bought a lot of bananas.

With uncountable nouns, we use determiners as much, little, and a lot of.

He has a little information to decide.

Max has a lot of experience in computers.

How much money do you have?

We can use some and any with both plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns.

I don´t have any ideas.

I don´t have any money.

Can you play some music?

I´m going to buy some books at the bookstore.

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